Clemson's Ward publishes "Manufacturing Productivity and the Shifting US, China, and Global Job Scenes - 1990 to 2005"

Are US manufacturing jobs going to China?
Or are they just going away?

  1. From 1990 to 2005, productivity growth cost the US more manufacturing jobs -- by far -- than trade competition with China (or with China plus all other countries combined).
  2. Research shows that, between 1995 and 2002, China itself lost between 15 and 20 million manufacturing jobs -- much of that to its own restructuring-driven productivity growth.
  3. I estimate that between 1995 and 2002, the global economy as a whole shed between 20 and 30 million manufacturing jobs.
  4. I also estimate that between 150 million and 200 million people were employed in manufacturing worldwide in 2002, with 1/4 to 1/2 of that total employed within China.

These findings and more, in a new CIT Working Paper available via the following hot link:

William A. Ward (August 4, 2005). "
Manufacturing Productivity and the Shifting US, China, and Global Job Scenes - 1990 to 2005
" (Adobe Reader File-PDF). CIT Working Paper 052507, Clemson University Center for International Trade.

William A. Ward
Professor and Director
Center for International Trade
College of Business and Behavioral Science
325 Sirrine Hall
Box 341394
Clemson University
Clemson, South Carolina 29634-1394

Phone: 1-864-656-6745
FAX: 1-864-656-6768
CIT web page:

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